Spinal disorders

The spine consists of 26 bones called vertebrae, which protect and support the spinal cord and nerves. Several conditions and injuries can affect the spine, which then damages the vertebrae, causes pain and limits mobility. Spinal disorders are conditions that cause damage and deterioration to the spinal cord.

5 common spine problems

  • Herniated disc
    Discs act as cushions between each vertebra. When a disc becomes herniated, that means the cushioning has shifted and is bursting out of its casing.

    While some herniated discs lead to no symptoms, they can interfere with nerves in the spine. This can cause several symptoms, including:
    • Back pain
    • Numbness
    • Pain in the arms and legs
    • Tingling
    • Muscle weakness
  • Muscle strain
    Bad posture and stress can lead to the muscles around your spine becoming strained and tense. This can cause pain and tightness throughout your neck and back. You can strengthen your back muscles by exercising and maintaining a healthy weight. Stretching before strenuous activity or a high-intensity workout can also help avoid muscle strain.
  • Scoliosis
    Scoliosis is abnormal spinal bending or curvature and this condition can range from minor to severe. It can cause back pain and lead to pinched nerves.

    Some of the symptoms are:
    • Uneven shoulders
    • Different heights of rib cages
    • One or both sides of hips higher than normal
    • Body “leans” to one side
    • Head not centred above the pelvis
  • Whiplash
    Whiplash is a neck injury caused by sudden jerking or motion of the head. This sudden and awkward movement of the neck can strain the neck muscles and damage intervertebral joints, discs and ligaments in the neck.
  • Osteoporosis
    Osteoporosis is one of the most common spine issues in older adults and refers to weakened bones due to a lower bone mass. The weakened bones in the spine become brittle and damaged. Osteoporosis can lead to fractures, collapsed vertebrae and a hunched posture.

Consult with our medical professional if you have any signs of back pain to avoid more severe complications. Find out how you can improve your spine health with our Neurology medical experts at Regency Specialist Hospital.

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